A balanced diet is very critical to the cell maintenance, growth and overall health of your dog. Your pet can get all the required nutrients it needs from the high-quality commercial pet foods. These foods are specially formulated according to set industry standards. However, dogs of different ages have different nutritional needs
Nutrients are vital components obtained from food and used by an animal as a source of energy for metabolic purposes, maintenance, and growth. There are six essential classes of nutrient that your dog needs
Water is essential to life and accounts for about 60 to 70 percent of an adult pet’s body weight. Highly nutritious foods have a certain percentage of water. Dry food has up to 10 percent moisture content, while canned food has up to 78 percent moisture levels. Apart from moisture from water, pets should have clean water. Any decrease in water levels in a dog’s body could lead to serious health repercussions.
Contrary to what many people believe, not all dietary fats cause obesity in pets. Fats provide the energy that your pet needs to stay alive. They also supply building blocks for the formation of tissues in the body. When it comes to fats the critical question is how much fat is healthy for your dog?
How do we ensure the dog gets the sufficient levels of fats and such that we don’t exceed the required amounts that could lead to arthritis and diabetics. With the help of a vet, you should be able to get guidance on the amount of fat your dog needs, based on its age and nutritional needs.
Proteins are a vital nutrient to achieving a balanced diet. Proteins in pets perform several roles in the body including building and repairing muscle and other body tissues. Proteins are needs to help pets form new skin cells, grow hair, build muscles and much more. Proteins also assist in the formation of hormones and enzymes that are needed for normal body functions.
Proteins can be found in foods such as eggs, meat, and dairy products. They can also be found in grains such as legumes. Dog’s can’t store proteins as they can store fats, and this means proteins should be supplied at all times. When picking a proteins foods for your dogs, be guided by the dog food bag concerning the minimum percentage and ingredients of the products.
In dogs, the most important function of carbs is to provide adequate energy. Dogs can convert carbs into simple sugar for natural absorption and later use. The dietary requirements on the level and percentage of carbs that a dog needs are highly debated. For best results, you need to liaise with your vet on the required levels of carbs your dog needs.
Vitamins and Minerals
Apart from carbs, your dog also needs vitamins and minerals. Vitamins keep your pet’s skin and coat healthy and help to strengthen bones and teeth. Additionally, a dog needs minerals for a balanced nutritional diet. Minerals perform many different functions in the body such as maintenance of fluids, the formation of bones and cartilage, transportation of oxygen and production of hormones.